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C8 Study Publications

This list of scientific publications about PFOA and other PFAS, by the three members of the C8 Science panel was last updated in January 2020.


High exposure to perfluorinated compounds in drinking water and thyroid disease. A cohort study from Ronneby, Sweden.

Andersson EM, Scott K, Xu Y, Li Y, Olsson DS, Fletcher T, Jakobsson K.
Environ Res. 2019 Sep;176:108540. doi: 10.1016/j.envres.2019.108540.
Full text available at: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0013935119303378

Inflammatory bowel disease and biomarkers of gut inflammation and permeability in a community with high exposure to perfluoroalkyl substances through drinking water.

Xu Y, Li Y, Scott K, Lindh CH, Jakobsson K, Fletcher T, Ohlsson B, Andersson EM.
Environ Res. 2019 Nov 14:108923. doi: 10.1016/j.envres.2019.108923
Full text available at: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0013935119307200


Evaluation and management strategies for per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) in drinking water aquifers: perspectives from impacted U.S. northeast communities.

Guelfo JL, Marlow T, Klein DM, Savitz DA, Frickel S, Crimi M, Suuberg EM.
Environmental Health Perspectives 2018 Jun 15;126(6):065001. doi: 10.1289/EHP2727. PMID: 29916808
Full text available at: https://ehp.niehs.nih.gov/doi/full/10.1289/EHP2727

Half-lives of PFOS, PFHxS and PFOA after end of exposure to contaminated drinking water.

Li Y, Fletcher T, Mucs D, Scott K, Lindh CH, Tallving P, Jakobsson K.
Occup Environ Med. 2018 Jan;75(1):46-51. doi: 10.1136/oemed-2017-104651. Epub 2017 Nov 13.
Full text available at: https://oem.bmj.com/content/75/1/46

Zürich Statement on Future Actions on Per- and Polyfluoroalkyl Substances (PFASs).

Ritscher A, Wang Z, Scheringer M, Boucher JM, Ahrens L, Berger U, Bintein S, Bopp SK, Borg D, Buser AM, Cousins I, DeWitt J, Fletcher T, Green C, Herzke D, Higgins C, Huang J, Hung H, Knepper T, Lau CS, Leinala E, Lindstrom AB, Liu J, Miller M, Ohno K, Perkola N, Shi Y, Småstuen Haug L, Trier X, Valsecchi S, van der Jagt K, Vierke L. (2018).
Environmental Health Perspectives, 126(8), 84502. doi:10.1289/EHP4158
Full text available at: https://ehp.niehs.nih.gov/doi/10.1289/EHP4158

When is epidemiological research a helpful response to industrial contamination?

Savitz DA.
Epidemiologia & Prevenzione 2018 Sep-Dec;42(5-6S1):89-92. doi: 10.19191/EP18.5-6.S1.P089.091. PMID: 30322239
Full text available at: http://www.epiprev.it/environmental-health-challenges-from-industrial-contamination_commentary

Serum perfluorooctanoic acid and birthweight: an updated meta-analysis with bias analysis.

Steenland K, Barry V, Savitz D.
Epidemiology 2018 Nov;29(6):765-776. doi: 10.1097/EDE.0000000000000903. PMID: 30063543
Full text available at: https://journals.lww.com/epidem/Abstract/2018/11000/Serum_Perfluorooctanoic_Acid_and_Birthweight__An.4.aspx

PFOA and ulcerative colitis.

Steenland K, Kugathasan S, Barr DB.
Environ Res. 2018 Aug;165:317-321. doi: 10.1016/j.envres.2018.05.007. Epub 2018 May 16. PubMed PMID: 29777922; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC6358414
Full text available at: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29777922


Exposure to perfluoroalkyl substances and thyroid function in pregnant women and children: A systematic review of epidemiologic studies.

Ballesteros V, Costa O, Iñiguez C, Fletcher T, Ballester F, Lopez-Espinosa MJ.
Environ Int. 2017 Feb;99:15-28. doi: 10.1016/j.envint.2016.10.015. Review.
Full text available at: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0160412016306195

Technical Report: Half-lives of PFOS, PFHxS and PFOA after end of exposure to contaminated drinking water.

Li Y, Mucs D, Scott K, Lindh CH, Tallving P, Fletcher T, Jakobsson K.
Unit For Occupational & Environmental Medicine In Gothenburg, The Sahlgrenska Academy Institute Of Medicine, University of Gothenburg, No 2:2017
Full text available at: https://core.ac.uk/download/pdf/85145043.pdf


Impact of exposure uncertainty on the association between perfluorooctanoate and preeclampsia in the C8 Health Project population.

Avanasi R, Shin HM, Vieira VM, Savitz DA, Bartell SM.
Environmental Health Perspectives 2016 Jan;124(1):126-32. doi: 10.1289/ehp.1409044.
Full text available at: https://ehp.niehs.nih.gov/doi/full/10.1289/ehp.1409044

Modeled Perfluorooctanoic Acid (PFOA) Exposure and Liver Function in a Mid-Ohio Valley Community.

Darrow LA, Groth AC, Winquist A, Shin HM, Bartell SM, Steenland K.
Environmental Health Perspectives 2016 Aug;124(8):1227-33. doi: 10.1289/ehp.1510391. Epub 2016 Mar 15. PubMed PMID: 26978841; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC4977053
Full text available at: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26978841

Perfluorooctanoic acid and chronic kidney disease: Longitudinal analysis of a Mid-Ohio Valley community.

Dhingra R, Lally C, Darrow LA, Klein M, Winquist A, Steenland K.
Environ Res. 2016 Feb;145:85-92. doi: 10.1016/j.envres.2015.11.018. Epub 2015 Dec 6. PubMed PMID: 26656498.
Full text available at: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26802619

A Study of Reverse Causation: Examining the Associations of Perfluorooctanoic Acid Serum Levels with Two Outcomes.

Dhingra R, Winquist A, Darrow LA, Klein M, Steenland K. Environmental Health Perspectives EHP273. Epub 2016 Aug 16. PubMed PMID: 27529882; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC5332181.
Full text available at: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27529882

Perfluoroalkyl Substances, Sex Hormones, and Insulin-like Growth Factor-1 at 6-9 Years of Age: A Cross-Sectional Analysis within the C8 Health Project.

Lopez-Espinosa MJ, Mondal D, Armstrong BG, Eskenazi B, Fletcher T.
Environmental Health Perspectives 2016 Environ Health Perspect. 2016 Aug;124(8):1269-75. doi: 10.1289/ehp.1509869. PMID:26794451
Full text available at: https://ehp.niehs.nih.gov/doi/10.1289/ehp.1509869


The Madrid Statement on Poly- and Perfluoroalkyl Substances (PFASs).

Blum A., Balan SA, Scheringer M, Goldenman G, Trier X, Cousins IT, Diamond M, Higgins C, Avery E, Peaslee G, de Voogt P, Fletcher T, Wang Z, Weber R.
Environmental Health Perspectives. 2015 May;123(5):A107-11. doi: 10.1289/ehp.1509934.
Full text available at: https://ehp.niehs.nih.gov/doi/10.1289/ehp.1509934

Comment on "Fluorotechnology Is Critical to Modern Life: The FluoroCouncil Counterpoint to the Madrid Statement".

Cousins IT, Balan SA, Scheringer M, Weber R, Wang Z, Blum A, Diamond M, Fletcher T, Goldenman G, Higgins C, Lindeman AE, Peaslee G, Trier X, de Voogt P.
Environmental Health Perspectives 2015 Jul;123(7):A170. doi: 10.1289/ehp.1510207.
Full text available at: https://ehp.niehs.nih.gov/doi/10.1289/ehp.1510207

A cohort incidence study of workers exposed to perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA).

Steenland K, Zhao L, Winquist A.
Occup Environ Med. 2015 May;72(5):373-80. doi: 10.1136/oemed-2014-102364. Epub 2015 Jan 19. PubMed PMID: 25601914.
Full text available at: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25601914

PFOA and PFOS are associated with reduced expression of the parathyroid hormone 2 receptor (PTH2R) gene in women.

Tamara S. Galloway, Tony Fletcher, Oliver J. Thomas, Ben P. Lee, Luke C. Pilling, Lorna W. Harries.
Chemosphere, Volume 120, February 2015, Pages 555-562
Full text available at: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0045653514011424


Early life perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA) exposure and overweight and obesity risk in adulthood in a community with elevated exposure.

Barry V, Darrow LA, Klein M, Winquist A, Steenland K.
Environ Res. 2014 Jul;132:62-9. doi: 10.1016/j.envres.2014.03.025. Epub 2014 Apr 16. PubMed PMID: 24742729.
Full text available at: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24742729

PFOA and PFOS serum levels and miscarriage risk.

Darrow LA, Howards PP, Winquist A, Steenland K.
Epidemiology. 2014 Jul;25(4):505-12. doi: 10.1097/EDE.0000000000000103. PubMed PMID: 24807698.
Full text available at: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24807698

Incidence of type II diabetes in a cohort with substantial exposure to perfluorooctanoic acid.

Karnes C, Winquist A, Steenland K.
Environ Res. 2014 Jan;128:78-83. doi: 10.1016/j.envres.2013.11.003. Epub 2013 Dec 2. PubMed PMID: 24299613.
Full text available at: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24299613

Helsingør statement on poly- and perfluorinated alkyl substances (PFASs).

Scheringer M, Trier X, Cousins IT, de Voogt P, Fletcher T, Wang Z, Webster TF.
Chemosphere. 2014 Nov;114:337-9.
Full text available at: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S004565351400678X

Biomarker-based calibration of retrospective exposure predictions of perfluorooctanoic acid.

Shin HM, Steenland K, Ryan PB, Vieira VM, Bartell SM.
Environ Sci Technol. 2014 May 20;48(10):5636-42. doi: 10.1021/es4053736. Epub 2014 May 1. PubMed PMID: 24730513; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC4032181.
Full text available at: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24730513

Commentary: Class Action Lawsuits: Can They Advance Epidemiologic Research?

Steenland, K, Savitz, DA, Fletcher, T.
Epidemiology. 25(2):167-169, March 2014.
Full text available at: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24487199

Perfluorooctanoate Exposure and Major Birth Defects.

Stein CR, Savitz DA, Elston B, Thorpe PG, Gilboa SM.
Reproductive Toxicology 2014 Aug;47:15-20 PMID: 24803403
Full text available at: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S089062381400063X

Modeled PFOA exposure and coronary artery disease, hypertension, and high cholesterol in community and worker cohorts.

Winquist A, Steenland K.
Environmental Health Perspectives 2014 Dec;122(12):1299-305. doi: 10.1289/ehp.1307943. Epub 2014 Sep 26. PubMed PMID: 25260175; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC4256699.
Full text available at: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25260175

Perfluorooctanoic acid exposure and thyroid disease in community and worker cohorts


Winquist A, Steenland K.
Epidemiology. 2014 Mar;25(2):255-64. doi: 10.1097/EDE.0000000000000040. PubMed PMID: 24407430.
Full text available at: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24407430

Associations Between Serum Perfluoroalkyl Acids and LINE-1 DNA Methylation.

Watkins DJ, Wellenius GA, Butler RA, Bartell SM, Fletcher T, Kelsey KT.
Environment Int. 2014 Feb;63:71-76.
Full text available at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.envint.2013.10.018


Influenza vaccine response in adults exposed to perfluorooctanoate (PFOA) and perfluorooctanesulfonate (PFOS).

Looker C, Luster MI, Calafat AM, Johnson VJ, Burleson GR, Burleson FG, Fletcher T.
Toxicol Sci. Published online: Nov 27, 2013.
Full text available at: http://toxsci.oxfordjournals.org/content/early/2013/11/25/toxsci.kft269

Perfluorooctanoic Acid (PFOA) Exposures and Incident Cancers Among Adults Living Near a Chemical Plant.

Barry V, Winquist A, Steenland K.
Environ Health Perspect. 2013 Nov;121(11):1313-18.
Full text available at: http://ehp.niehs.nih.gov/1306615/

Serum Perfluorooctanoic Acid and Perfluorooctane Sulfonate Concentrations in Relation to Birth Outcomes in the Mid-Ohio Valley, 2005-2010.

Darrow LA, Stein CR, Steenland K.
Environ Health Perspect. 2013 Oct;121(10):1207-13.
Full text available at: http://ehp.niehs.nih.gov/1206372/

Design, methods, and population for a study of PFOA health effects among highly exposed Mid-Ohio Valley community residents and workers.

Winquist A, Lally C, Shin HM, Steenland K.
Environ Health Perspect. 2013 Aug;121(8):893-9.
Full text available at: http://ehp.niehs.nih.gov/1206450/

Ulcerative colitis and perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA) in a highly exposed population of community residents and workers in the Mid-Ohio Valley.

Steenland K, Zhao L, Winquist A, Parks C.
Environ Health Perspect. 2013 Aug;121(8):900-5.
Full text available at: http://ehp.niehs.nih.gov/1206449/

Assessing the Spatial Distribution of Perfluorooctanoic Acid Exposure via Public Drinking Water Pipes Using Geographic Information Systems.

Vieira V, Hoffman K, Fletcher T.
Environ Health Toxicol. 2013 Aug 30
Full text available at: http://e-eht.org/DOIx.php?id=10.5620/eht.2013.28.e2013009

Reductions in serum lipids with a 4-year decline in serum perfluorooctanoic acid and perfluorooctanesulfonic acid.

Fitz-Simon N, Fletcher T, Luster MI, Steenland K, Calafat AM, Kato K, Armstrong B.
Epidemiology. 2013 Jul;24(4):569-76.
Full text available at: http://journals.lww.com/epidem/Abstract/2013/07000/Reductions_in_Serum_Lipids_with_a_4_year_Decline.13.aspx

Associations between PFOA, PFOS and changes in the expression of genes involved in cholesterol metabolism in humans.

Fletcher T, Galloway TS, Melzer D, Holcroft P, Cipelli R, Pilling LC, Mondal D, Luster M, Harries LW.
Environ Int. 2013 Jul;57-58:2-10.
Full text available at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.envint.2013.03.008

Perfluorooctanoate and neuropsychological outcomes in children.

Stein CR, Savitz DA, Bellinger DC.
Epidemiology. 2013 Jul;24(4):590-9.
Full text available at: http://journals.lww.com/epidem/Abstract/2013/07000/Perfluorooctanoate_and_Neuropsychological_Outcomes.17.aspx

Serum perfluoroalkyl acids concentrations and memory impairment in a large cross-sectional study.

Gallo V, Leonardi G, Brayne C, Armstrong B, Fletcher T.
BMJ Open. 2013 Jun 20;3(6).
Full text available at: http://bmjopen.bmj.com/content/3/6/e002414.long

Exposure to perfluoroalkyl acids and markers of kidney function among children and adolescents living near a chemical plant.

Watkins DJ, Josson J, Elston B, Bartell SM, Shin HM, Vieira VM, Savitz DA, Fletcher T, Wellenius GA.
Environ Health Perspect. 2013 May;121(5):625-30.
Full text available at: http://ehp.niehs.nih.gov/1205838/

Perfluorooctanoic acid exposure and cancer outcomes in a contaminated community: a geographic analysis.

Vieira VM, Hoffman K, Shin HM, Weinberg JM, Webster TF, Fletcher T.
Environ Health Perspect. 2013 Mar;121(3):318-23.
Full text available at: http://ehp.niehs.nih.gov/1205829/


Cohort mortality study of workers exposed to perfluorooctanoic acid.

Steenland K, Woskie S.
Am J Epidemiol. 2012 Nov;176(10):909-17.
Full text available at: http://aje.oxfordjournals.org/content/176/10/909.abstract

Retrospective exposure assessment of perfluorooctanoic acid serum concentrations at a fluoropolymer manufacturing plant.

Woskie SR, Gore R, Steenland K.
Ann Occup Hyg. 2012 Nov;56(9):1025-37.
Full text available at: http://annhyg.oxfordjournals.org/content/56/9/1025.abstract

Modeling the air-soil transport pathway of perfluorooctanoic acid in the Mid-Ohio Valley using linked air dispersion and vadose zone models

Shin HM, Ryan PB, Vieira VM, Bartell SM.
Atmospheric Environment. 2012 May;51:67-74.
Full text available at: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1352231012000702

Perfluorooctanoic Acid exposure and pregnancy outcome in a highly exposed community

Savitz DA, Stein CR, Bartell SM, Elston B, Gong J, Shin H-M, Wellenius GA.
Epidemiology. 2012 May;23(3):386-92.
doi: 10.1097/EDE.0b013e31824cb93b
Full text available at: http://dx.doi.org/doi:10.1097/EDE.0b013e31824cb93b

Thyroid Function and Perfluoroalkyl Acids in Children Living Near a Chemical Plant

Lopez-Espinosa M-J, Mondal D, Armstrong B, Bloom MS, Fletcher T.
Environ Health Perspect. 2012 Mar 27. [Epub ahead of print]
doi: 10.1289/ehp.1104370
Full text available at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1289/ehp.1104370

Relationship of Perfluorooctanoic Acid Exposure to Pregnancy Outcome Based on Birth Records in the Mid-Ohio Valley

Savitz DA, Stein CR, Elston B, Wellenius GA, Bartell SM, Shin H-M, Vieira VM, Fletcher T.
Environ Health Perspect. 2012 Mar 26. [Epub ahead of print]
doi: 10.1289/ehp.1104752
Full text available at: http://dx.doi.org/doi:10.1289/ehp.1104752

Modeling the air-soil transport pathway of perfluorooctanoic acid in the mid-Ohio Valley using linked air dispersion and vadose zone models

Shin H-M, Ryan PB, Vieira VM, Bartell SM.
Atmospheric Environ. 2012 May; 51:67-74. Epub 2012 Feb 1.
doi: 10.1016/j.atmosenv.2012.01.049
Full text available at: http://dx.doi.org/doi:10.1016/j.atmosenv.2012.01.049

Serum Perfluorooctanoate (PFOA) and Perfluorooctane Sulfonate (PFOS) Concentrations and Liver Function Biomarkers in a Population with Elevated PFOA Exposure

Gallo V, Leonardi G, Genser B, Lopez-Espinosa M-J, Frisbee SJ, Karlsson L, Ducatman AM, Fletcher T.
Environ Health Perspect. 2012 May;120(5):655-660. Epub 2012 Jan 30.
doi: 10.1289/ehp.1104436
Full text available at: http://dx.doi.org/doi:10.1289/ehp.1104436

Relationships of Perfluorooctanoate and Perfluorooctane Sulfonate Serum Concentrations Between Child-Mother Pairs in a Population with Perfluorooctanoate Exposure from Drinking Water

Mondal D, Lopez-Espinosa M-J, Armstrong B, Stein CR, Fletcher T.
Environ Health Perspect. 2012 May;120(5):752-757. Epub 2012 Jan 23.
doi: 10.1289/ehp.1104538
Full text available at: http://dx.doi.org/doi:10.1289/ehp.1104538


Retrospective exposure estimation and predicted versus observed serum perfluorooctanoic acid concentrations for participants in the C8 Health Project

Shin H-M, Vieira VM, Ryan PB, Steenland K, Bartell SM.
Environ Health Perspect. 2011 Dec;119(12):1760-1765. Epub 2011 Aug 3.
doi: 10.1289/ehp.1103729
Full text available at: http://dx.doi.org/doi:10.1289/ehp.1103729

Serum Perfluorinated Compound Concentration and Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder in Children 5-18 Years of Age

Stein CR, Savitz DA.
Environ Health Perspect. 2011 Oct;119(10):1466-1471. Epub 2011 Jun 10.
doi: 10.1289/ehp.1003538
Full text available at: http://dx.doi.org/doi:10.1289/ehp.1003538

Association of perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA) and perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS) with age of puberty among children living near a chemical plant.

Lopez-Espinosa M-J, Fletcher T, Armstrong B, Genser B, Dhatariya K, Mondal D, Ducatman A, Leonardi G.
Environ Sci Technol. 2011 Oct 1;45(19):8160-6. Epub 2011 May 2.
doi: 10.1021/ es1038694
Full text available at: http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/es1038694

Comparison between free serum thyroxine levels, measured by analog and dialysis methods, in the presence of perfluorooctane sulfonate and perfluorooctanoate.

Lopez-Espinosa M-J, Fitz-Simon N, Bloom MS, Calafat AM, Fletcher T.
Reprod Toxicol. 2012 July;33(4):552-555. Epub 2011 Apr 17.
doi: 10.1016/j.reprotox.2011.04.002
Full text available at: http://dx.doi.org/doi:10.1016/j.reprotox.2011.04.002

Environmental fate and transport modeling for perfluorooctanoic acid emitted from the Washington Works Facility in West Virginia.

Shin H-M, Vieira VM, Ryan PB, Detwiler R, Sanders B, Steenland K, Bartell SM.
Environ Sci Technol. 2011 Feb;45(4):1435-1442. Epub 2011 Jan 12.
doi: 10.1021/es102769t
Full text available at: http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/es102769t

Private drinking water wells as a source of exposure to PFOA in communities surrounding a fluoropolymer production facility.

Hoffman K, Webster TF, Bartell SM, Weisskopf MG, Fletcher T, Vieira VM.
Environ Health Perspect. 2011 Jan;119(1):92-7. Epub 2010 Oct 4.
doi: 10.1289/ehp.1002503
Full text available at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1289/ehp.1002503

Accumulation and clearance of PFOA in current and former residents of an exposed community.

Seals R, Bartell SM, Steenland K.
Environ Health Perspect. 2011 Jan;119(1):119-24. Epub 2010 Sep 22.
doi: 10.1289/ehp.1002346
Full text available at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1289/ehp.1002346


Perfluorooctanoic acid, perfluorooctanesulfonate, and serum lipids in children and adolescents: Results from the C8 Health Project.

Frisbee SJ, Shankar A, Knox SS, Steenland K, Savitz DA, Fletcher T, Ducatman AM.
Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 2010 Sep;164(9):860-9.
doi: 10.1001/archpediatrics.2010.163
Full text available at: http://archpedi.ama-assn.org/cgi/content/short/164/9/860

Epidemiologic evidence on the health effects of perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA).

Steenland K, Fletcher T, Savitz DA.
Environ Health Perspect. 2010 Aug;118(8):1100-8. Epub 2010 Apr 27.
doi: 10.1289/ehp.0901827
Full text available at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1289/ehp.0901827

Association of perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA) and perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS) with uric acid among adults with elevated community exposure to PFOA.

Steenland K, Tinker S, Shankar A, Ducatman A.
Environ Health Perspect. 2010 Feb;118(2)229-33.
doi: 10.1289/ehp.0900940
Full text available at: http://dx.doi.org/doi:10.1289/ehp.0900940

Rate of decline in serum PFOA concentrations after granular activated carbon filtration at two public water systems in Ohio and West Virginia.

Bartell SM, Calafat AM, Lyu C, Kato K, Ryan PB, Steenland K.
Environ Health Perspect. 2010 Feb;118(2):222-8.
doi: 10.1289/ehp.0901252
Full text available at: http://dx.doi.org/doi:10.1289/ehp.0901252


The C8 Health Project: Design, methods, and participants.

Frisbee SJ, Brooks AP Jr, Maher A, Flensborg P, Arnold S, Fletcher T, Steenland K, Shankar A, Knox SS, Pollard C, Halverson JA, Vieira VM, Jin C, Leyden KM, Ducatman AM.
Environ Health Perspect. 2009 Dec;117(12):1873-1882. Epub 2009 Jul 13.
doi: 10.1289/ehp.0800379
Full text available at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1289/ehp.0800379

A cross-sectional analysis of type II diabetes in a community with exposure to perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA).

MacNeil J, Steenland NK, Shankar A, Ducatman A.
Environ Res. 2009 Nov; 109(8):997-1003. Epub 2009 Sep 8.
doi: 10.1016/j.envres.2009.08.002
Full text available at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.envres.2009.08.002

Association of perfluorooctanoic acid and perfluorooctane sulfonate with serum lipids among adults living near a chemical plant.

Steenland K, Tinker S, Frisbee S, Ducatman A, Vaccarino V.
Am J Epidemiol. 2009 Nov 15;170(10):1268-78. Epub 2009 Oct 21.
doi: 10.1093/aje/kwp279
Full text available at: http://aje.oxfordjournals.org/cgi/content/abstract/kwp279

Serum levels of perfluorooctanoic acid and perfluorooctane sulfonate and pregnancy outcome.

Stein CR, Savitz DA, Dougan M.
Am J Epidemiol. 2009 Oct 1;170(7):837-846. Epub 2009 Aug 19.
doi: 10.1093/aje/kwp212
Full text available at: http://aje.oxfordjournals.org/cgi/content/abstract/170/7/837

Predictors of PFOA levels in a community surrounding a chemical plant.

Steenland K, Jin C, MacNeil J, Lally C, Ducatman A, Vieira V, Fletcher T.
Environ Health Perspect. 2009 Jul;117(7):1083-1088. Epub 2009 Mar 23.
doi: 10.1289/ehp.0800294
Full text available at: http://dx.doi.org/doi:10.1289/ehp.0800294

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